Job Interview is a significant component of your job hunt. A fruitful job interview is contributory in securing a position. It is an avenue for the employer to assess the match between your credentials goals and the employer’s needs. It is also your opportunity to meet the employer and the vacant position. In order to present yourself, careful and detailed planning is compulsory to each job interview.
If you are called for a job interview, you should devote some time to carry out a research on the internet about the organization as this will give you a wide stream of knowledge on what they do and help you answer questions during the job interview. It will also allow you to ask the employer questions.
It’s helpful to find out the following things about the employer:
- What do they do?
- Who are their clients or consumers?
- What kind of organization are they?
- What is the requirement of the job and how can your skills match the job?
IMPORTANCE OF A JOB INTERVIEW
Job Interviews are carried out for the following reasons:
- Your professionalism (well-mannered, straightforward, no hyperboles or lies).
- Your fit for the job (applicable expertise/ behavior fit into the firm).
- Your awareness of the job.
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PREPARATION FOR THE JOB INTERVIEW
Most folks’ attitude towards job interview is anxiety and uneasiness. However, preparing in advance will aid in presenting yourself and your qualifications openly to the employer during your job interview. The following areas are very important to know when preparing for a job interview:
1. Yourself: It is very tough to express your skills, interests, and goals to an interviewer if you don’t know what they are you. You should be able to allow your employer see that you have confidence in yourself, your qualifications, and a sense of career direction. Through self-assessment, reviewing your skills/capabilities, training, standards, experience, education, and career goals are needed for you to sell yourself.
2. Your Area of Interest:
Employers will be interested to find out why you choose a specific field to pursue. Research facts about the field, industries, and positions. This may include future plans, major players, industry fashions, and characteristics of individuals in the field.
3. The Employer: Make an inquiry about the organization meticulously to learn its products, services, location(s), previous and likely growth, and future predictions.
4. The Post for Which You Have Applied: A clear description of the job and skills needed so that you can articulate your understanding of the vacancy, the demands involved, and how valued you will be to the establishment.
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5. The job Interview Set-up Ahead of Time: Knowing the format(set-up) of the job interview is very important by finding out who you will meet with and the duration of the interview.
6. Prepare and Anticipate Questions: Go through the job description carefully and forestall questions that may be asked during the job interview.
7. Make A List of Questions to Ask: Asking questions shows you have a keen interest in the firm and your readiness for the job interview.
THROUGH THE JOB INTERVIEW
1. Be Punctual: Arrive 10 – 20 minutes before your stated job interview time. Take into consideration traffic you might encounter and parking. Because punctuality is the soul of a business.
2. Be Prepared: Having an extra copy of your resume will not be a bad idea, a list of at least 3 professional references, and a pen and paper. Some employers may even want to see your academic transcripts. All of these items should be prearranged in a folio.
3. Make A Noble Initial Impression: When meeting someone at the initial time, individuals often form thoughts about others during the first 30 seconds. The way you appear, conduct, and attitude are important factors that add to that first(initial) impression.
The way you Appear:
- Dress professionally – Your dress must be stylish clothes that are in vogue, no flamboyant colors or styles. Being overdressed might not go well.
- Use the right simple makeup.
- Make sure your hair, mustache and/or beard are well shaved.
- Don’t overdo the use of jewelry.
- Luster your shoes, clean and cut your fingernails.
- Avoid using perfumes, colognes with strong fragrance.
- Walk uprightly.
- Use a firm handshake.
- Maintain good eye contact.
- Learn to wear a smile and be jovial to everybody.
- Follow the interviewer’s lead.
- Do not exceed your limit in the interview.
- Project self-confidence and passion.
- Show seriousness and commitment.
- Be positive.
4. Give Considerate and Complete Answers: Your answer towards a giving question, should not be one-word answers. Provide examples of your qualifications whenever possible. If you are not sure about the question, ask for an explanation.
AFTER THE JOB INTERVIEW
1. Be grateful: Write a brief letter of appreciation for the interviewer. Restate your interest in the position and briefly state why you are the best applicant.
2. Assess Interview and Position: Determine how well the interview went and if you should do anything in a different way next time. Evaluate whether you are comfortable with the organization.
3. Keeping an eye: If you don’t hear from the interviewer in a week after they promise to get to you, call to ask about their conclusion and to express your continued interest in the position.
CATEGORIES OF JOB INTERVIEWS
There are several categories of job interviews. Different employers have their own style of a job interview.
1. Screening job Interview: This is the first meeting you will have with a potential employer, lasting 30 – 45 minutes. Its main purpose is to reduce the number of applicants to a handy number that is not qualified.
2. Follow-up/Second Job Interview: The purpose of this interview is to categorize the qualifiers for the position. It is onsite at the employer’s location and the candidate is being interviewed by several individuals. More specified questions will be inquired in order to reveal certain skills and characteristics that you have to know whether it suits the company’s needs.
3. Mobile phone job Interview: This could replace a screening interview or follow up/ the second interview, this is used when the employer is at a far distance away from the employee(s). The employee can make a plan to be alone in his/her room or apartment for the interview in order to avoid noise. Have a prepared copy of your resume and questions to ask the employer. Assessment is based on your responses, voice tone, eagerness, ease of conversation, and adaptability to the circumstances.
4. Collection job Interview: This is the last interview. The position’s supervisor or boss will usually be the main interviewer; however, others may be involved as well.
5. Search Committee job Interview: Here you are interviewed by a group of individuals, or search committee, where you are expected to answer questions thrown at you from each person. You should try as much in maintaining eye contact with each of the individual in the room when replying their questions. Remember that each person’s impression counts. At the beginning, ask each of the individuals whether they have a copy of your resume.
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6. Collection/Group job Interview: During a group job interview, you are interviewed with several other applicants. You may be asked to carry a group work, answer to certain situations, or to meet informally. The employer wants to know your ability when you are working in a group situation, the leadership style you display, flexibility and adaptability.
7. Meal job Interview: For this type of job interview, the employer asks individuals with the organization to join you for a meal to get to know you in your relaxation mood. You shouldn’t be carried away by the meal because you are still in an interview and you need to stay focus on the questions asked.
JOB INTERVIEW STYLES
1. Instructional job Interview: Here, the interviewer directs questions to the applicants and he/she do most of the talking that the interviewer has asked. You may feel as if questions are being “fired” at you constantly.
2. Non-Instructional job Interview: The interviewer does not offer direction for the job interview. He/she may ask you what you would like to deliberate on and leave it to you to provide the direction of the job interview.
3. Stress Job Interview: The interviewer will use a style that is full of provocation to upset you to know how you respond. The interviewer doesn’t want “the right answer”, but the thought process you use in responding to a thoughts provoking question to bring out a creative answer.
4. Behavioral Job Interview: The interviewer wants to find out specific examples and responses that will give insight into your personality and skills. Questions may also focus on intellectual competence, leadership ability, skills, communication skills, administrative skills and technical skills. An example question is: “How do you react when you are working under pressure?”